Chronology
2300 Early Bronze Age. Low density populations.
1600/1550 Middle Bronze Age. Development of upland/lowland settlement systems.
1325/1300 Recent Bronze Age.
1175/1150 Final Bronze Age. Small permanent villages and small cemeteries. Hoards. Foundation of villages on location of most Etruscan cities. Possible social ranking.
950/925 Villanovan 1. Nucleation on the site of later Etruscan cities.
850/825 Villanovan 2. Development of clear ranking in cemeteries.
775 Foundation of Pithekoussai.
750 Foundation of Cumae.
734 Foundation of Naxos.
733 Foundation of Siracuse.
738 Foundation of Catania.
727 Foundation of Megara Hyblaea.
720 Early Orientalizing. Accumulation of wealth by leading descent groups of Etruria.
709 Foundation of Sibari.
708 Foundation of Crotone.
706 Foundation of Taranto.
680 Middle Orientalizing.
630 Recent Orientalizing.
580 Archaic. Mature urban status of Etruria.
540 Battle of Aleria.
474 Battle of Cumae.
400 Classical Period.
396 Destruction of Veii by Rome.
300 Hellenistic Period.
278 Foundation of Roman colony of Cosa.
248 Destruction of Falerii Veteres by Rome.

Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. .

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