CETAMURA DI CHIANTI
   A strategic site in the Chianti region near Siena, at 695 meters above sea level, with some Archaic occupation but primarily occupied in the Hellenistic period. The main evidence for the Archaic period is one pit below a wooden building and out-of-context bucchero pottery. There then appears to have been a gap in occupation before reoccupation of the acropolis area in the late fourth century BC and heavier occupation in the full Hellenistic period. The finds from the Hellenistic period included artisans’ quarters containing a kiln for bricks and tiles and a weaving area, as well as two cisterns. The site was later occupied by a Roman villa and a medieval fort. These results are all the product of recent extensive excavations since its discovery by Alvaro Tracchi in 1964.
   See also TRADE.

Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. .

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  • CHIANTI —    An important upland buffer zone (now famous for its wine vintage) between the major settlements of Arezzo, Fiesole, Volterra, Cortona, and Chiusi that contained a phase of probably independent Orientalizing sites such as Castelnuovo di… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • ARCHAIC —    The period of full urbanization and/or state formation and the height of power of the Etruscans between approximately 580 and 400 BC. Artistically, the term archaic period acknowledges a parallelism to the Greek world and implies a process of… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • HELLENISTIC —    The final period of the Etruscans, dating from 400 BC until the takeover by the Romans. In artistic terms, this was a phase of naturalism under Greek influence. In terms of settlement organization, this was a phase of expansion of rural… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • RURAL SETTLEMENT —    The study of Etruscan rural settlement remained underrepresented until relatively recently. Evidence for rural settlement has now been recovered for the territories of Caere, Nepi, Tuscania, and Veii, among other cities. The most important… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

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