ROME


ROME
   The capital of the Republic and afterward of the empire, traditionally seen as founded by Romulus. There is a tradition of Etruscan domination of the Latin city in the seventh and sixth centuries BC, ending according to literary sources with the expulsion of Tarquin the Proud in 509 BC. One Etruscanizing find is the famous Capitoline Wolf, dating probably to the fifth century BC. The subsequent military and political activity of Rome led to the demise of the Etruscan cities, initiated with the fall of Veii in 396 BC, registering many triumphs against the Etruscans, as for instance in 311, 309, 298, 295, 281, and 280 BC, with the definitive surrender of Orvieto in 265 BC, consolidated by the foundation of many colonies in Etruscan territory (e.g., Cosa, Castrum Novum, Pyrgi, Alsium, and Fregenae) and culminating in the sack of Perugia in 41 to 40 BC.
   See also LATINS; ROMANIZATION.

Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rome — • The significance of Rome lies primarily in the fact that it is the city of the pope Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Rome     Rome     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • ROME — ROME, capital of Italy. The Classical Period THE MIDDLE AND LATE REPUBLIC The earliest record of contact between Jews and the Roman Republic is the embassy sent by judah the Maccabee to Rome, headed by Eupolemos ben Joḥanan, and Jason ben Eleazar …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ROME — Jusqu’au XIXe siècle, Rome fut un des principaux foyers d’art de l’Europe (pour la Rome antique, cf. ROME ET EMPIRE ROMAIN L’art). En instituant, en 1666, l’Académie de France à Rome, Colbert ne fit que sanctionner au profit des «pensionnaires»… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rome — ist die englische und französische Schreibweise für die italienische Hauptstadt Rom ein ehemaliges französisches Département mit Sitz in Rom, siehe Rome (Département) eine alte Schreibweise für den Ort Rom (heute Ortsteil von Morsbach) der Name… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rome — Rome, WI U.S. Census Designated Place in Wisconsin Population (2000): 574 Housing Units (2000): 236 Land area (2000): 3.938590 sq. miles (10.200900 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.205016 sq. miles (0.530989 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.143606 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • ROME —     ROME, COUR DE ROME ROME, COUR DE ROME.     L évêque de Rome, avant Constantin, n était aux yeux des magistrats romains, ignorants de notre sainte religion, que le chef d une faction secrète, souvent toléré par le gouvernement, et quelquefois… …   Dictionnaire philosophique de Voltaire

  • Rome I — Regulation (593/2008/EC) Published on 04 Jul 2008 European Union REGULATION (EC) No 593/2008 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I) …   Law dictionary

  • Rome II — European Union, United Kingdom The Rome regulation on the law applicable to non contractual obligations (Rome II) ( …   Law dictionary

  • Rome — O.E., from O.Fr. Rome, from L. Roma, of uncertain origin. The original Roma quadrata was the fortified enclosure on the Palatine hill, according to Tucker, who finds no probability in derivation from *sreu flow, and suggests the name is most… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Rome —    Rome s political decline began with the establishment of Constantinople (q.v.), referred to as New Rome, in 324. The Visigoths (q.v.) pillaged Rome in 410, as did the Vandals (q.v.) in 455. It changed hands during Justinian I s war against the …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Rome — ☆ Rome1 n. [after Rome Township, S Ohio, where first grown] a somewhat tart, red winter apple: in full Rome Beauty or Rome Rome2 [rōm] [L Roma, of Etr orig.] capital of Italy, on the Tiber River: formerly, the capital of the Roman Republic, the… …   English World dictionary


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