STATE FORMATION
   Scholars have debated the timing and rate of development of Etruscan state formation. It is clear that most Etruscan settlements were occupied by the Final Bronze Age, achieved high levels of population nucleation by 950 BC (using the new chronology), and showed clear signs of social differentiation by the ninth century BC. Some scholars, generally those studying the Final Bronze Age and early Iron Age, consider state formation to have occurred by the time of the initial nucleation in the tenth century BC. At this stage, there are reasons of demography and scale for considering state formation to have occurred, but at least initially there is no clear emergence of status differentiation. Other scholars, generally those studying the later Etruscans, tend to emphasize the impact of the Greeks and importance of the full development of state institutions and territorial control in the eighth or seventh century BC. At that time, the monumentality of the state apparatus was fully visible in many dimensions: public buildings, demographic density, and status differentiation. Ultimately, the question is a matter of definition. A similar issue is the distinction of urbanism from state formation. Urbanism is generally related to demographic levels and monumental structures such as walls, public buildings, and (particularly in the case of the Etruscans) tomb construction. State formation relates more to hierarchical control of the territory and administrative structures that can be inferred from the scale of urbanism and the presence of offices such as the magistrateship and lucomon.
   See also METHLUM; REGIONALITY; SOCIAL CLASS.

Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • state — state, the state The state is a distinct set of institutions that has the authority to make the rules which govern society . It has, in the words of Max Weber, a ‘monopoly on legitimate violence’ within a specific territory. Hence, the state… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • State (polity) — This article is about the general concept of the state. For the subjects of international law, see Sovereign state. For other uses, see State (disambiguation). The frontispiece of Thomas Hobbes Leviathan A state is an organised political… …   Wikipedia

  • State of New York —     State of New York     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► State of New York     One of the thirteen colonies of Great Britain, which on 4 July, 1776, adopted the Declaration of Independence and became the United States of America.     BOUNDARIES AND… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • State police — are a type of sub national territorial police force, particularly in Australia and the United States. Some other countries have analogous police forces, such as the provincial police in some Canadian provinces, while in other places, the same… …   Wikipedia

  • State-building — is a term used in state theory. It describes the construction of a functioning state. This concept was first used in connection to the creation of states in Western Europe and focused on the power enforcement of state in society (Tilly 1975).… …   Wikipedia

  • State of Washington —     State of Washington     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► State of Washington     One of the Pacific cost states, popularly known as the Evergreen State , the sixteenth in size among the state of the Union and the twenty ninth in the order of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • State Guard Association of the United States — Abbreviation SGAUS Formation 1985 Legal status 501(c)(6) …   Wikipedia

  • State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry — Established 1911 Type Public President Cornelius B. Murphy, Jr …   Wikipedia

  • State University of New York Maritime College — Motto Loyalty, Valor Established 1874 Type State University of New York (SUNY) …   Wikipedia

  • State Building — (dt. Staatsbildung, Staatsaufbau) ist ein Begriff aus der Staatstheorie. Der Aufbau eines funktionsfähigen Staates wird in der Staatstheorie als State Building bezeichnet. Eine Diskussion dazu wird vor allem in der englischsprachigen Literatur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”