TEMPLE
   The Etruscan temple consisted of a high podium of stone, one to three cellae with or without wings, and a superstructure of wood dressed with terracottas. Good examples are found at Orvieto, Veii, and Tarquinia. The best examples of the distinctive molded podium are preserved in the Belvedere sanctuary at Orvieto and the Ara della Regina at Tarquinia. Smaller scale examples of altars of similar format can be found at Pieve a Socana, Punta della Vipera, Vignanello, and Marzabotto. The terracottas were molded and painted, attached by nails to a wooden frame, in two encircling rows around the temple. The boundaries of the roof were guarded by antefixes, forming liminal creatures, such as gorgons, satyrs, and maenads. On the ridge of the roof and in the pediments at each end, there were more elaborate large-scale sculptures. The most complete pedimental sculpture has been found at the fifth-century BC Pyrgi Temple A and represents the Theban cycle from Greek myth. The most complete roof ridge sculptures have been found at the Portonaccio temple at Veii and represent Turms, Hercle, and Aplu. Clear tripartite temple plans (with the central room larger than the two flanking) survive at the Belvedere temple of Orvieto and the Portonaccio temple of Veii. Columns were placed only to the front, also the sole location of steps. Thus in contrast to a Greek temple, the access to and perspective on an Etruscan temple was from the front and can therefore be seen not as a pale reflection of Greek approaches, but as distinctively different.
   See also RELIGION; SANCTUARIES.

Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. .

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  • temple — [ tɑ̃pl ] n. m. • temple de Salomon 1080; lat. templum 1 ♦ (1170) Didact. Édifice public consacré au culte d une divinité. ⇒aussi église, mosquée, pagode, synagogue. « La crainte a élevé des temples » (Valéry). Consacrer; profaner un temple. 2 ♦… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Temple — • The Latin form, templum, from which the English temple is derived, originally signified an uncovered area marked off by boundaries; especially the place marked off by the augurs to be excepted from all profane uses Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • temple — 1. (tan pl ) s. m. 1°   Chez les Romains, lieu découvert d où la vue pouvait s étendre, et consacré par les augures. •   Le sénat ne pouvait s assembler légalement que dans un lieu consacré par les augures, auquel on donnait pour cette raison le… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Temple — bezeichnet: Temple (Paris) ein ehemaliges Ordensgebiet der Templer in Paris und das in diesem Gebiet gelegene 3. Arrondissement von Paris Temple (Métro Paris) eine U Bahn Station in Paris Teile des ehemaligen Ordensgebiets der Templer in London:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Temple — Tem ple, n. [AS. tempel, from L. templum a space marked out, sanctuary, temple; cf. Gr. ? a piece of land marked off, land dedicated to a god: cf. F. t[ e]mple, from the Latin. Cf. {Contemplate}.] 1. A place or edifice dedicated to the worship of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Temple — puede referirse a: Templanza, una virtud. La técnica de pintura denominada pintura al temple. La Orden del Temple, orden medieval de carácter religioso y militar nacida en la primera cruzada. Templado del acero Sir William Temple, estadista y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • temple — sustantivo masculino 1. Carácter o estado de ánimo de una persona: Tienes que tener mucho temple para que no te desanime. Es un hombre de temple optimista. 2. Capacidad de una persona para no perder los nervios o el control en las situaciones… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Temple — Temple, GA U.S. city in Georgia Population (2000): 2383 Housing Units (2000): 956 Land area (2000): 6.764119 sq. miles (17.518986 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.095859 sq. miles (0.248273 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.859978 sq. miles (17.767259 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • templė — templė̃ sf. (4) 1. Rtr, BŽ25, DŽ, NdŽ, OGLI165, KŽ, Pl šaunamojo lanko virvelė, styga: Iš jo (medelio) pasidirbo šaudomą lanką, templę nusivijo iš lokio žarnų rš. Lanko templė padaroma iš standžiai suvytos ir įvaškuotos kanapinės virvės rš.… …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • temple — Temple, m. penac. Est le mesmes que Eglise, AEdes aedis, Templum Duquel mot Latin, le François l a prins. Piller le temple, Fanum spoliare. Un temple où il y avoit lieu à laver les mains, Delubrum. Un temple duquel on n avoit rien osté, Integrum… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • temple — temple1 [tem′pəl] n. [ME < OE tempel & OFr temple, both < L templum, temple, sanctuary, orig., space marked out: for IE base see TEMPER] 1. a) a building for the worship of a divinity or divinities b) anything viewed as the dwelling place… …   English World dictionary

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