TOMBS
   Etruscan funerary architecture and furniture used to dominate all perceptions of the Etruscans and there is a wealth of information about tombs. A distinctive feature of tombs is that they are generally placed on the approaches to cities and smaller communities, although visible points along roads are another prefered location. One major exception to this rule is the discovery of burials dating to about 800 BC among foundation deposits of the very city of Tarquinia itself, including possible human sacrifice. Early tombs from the Villanovan period contain many cremations, although the relative proportion to inhumation varies between 90 percent in Tarquinia and 30 percent at Veii, even if this is partly dependent on the later date of many of the tombs at Veii. The custom of cremation was generally retained longer in the northern parts of Etruria. Inhumation became the dominant custom in the southern cities (e.g., Caere and Tarquinia). The structures of early tombs are simple containers for cremation urns. The later tombs comprise more elaborate houses for the dead, filled with rich assemblages for feasting and placed within the distinctive tomb architecture of the individual city. These tombs were collected in groups that can be characterized as cities of the dead, most notably in the Banditaccia cemetery of Caere. At Tarquinia, women and younger individuals appear to be underrepresented in burials, suggesting a different burial practice in this part of the community and perhaps also a different status. More details of the distinctive features of tombs are given in conjunction with individual cities (e.g., Caere, Orvieto, Populonia, Tarquinia, Vulci).

Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. .

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  • Tombs — Francis Leonard Tombs, Baron Tombs (* 17. Mai 1924) ist ein britischer Politiker. Er ist seit 1990 Mitglied des House of Lords. Tombs betätigte sich in der Energiewirtschaft und war in den 1970er Jahren Vorsitzender des Versorgungsunternehmens… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tombs —     Mastaba: From c.3400 BC, these were built for the ruling classes; they consisted of an underground substructure (a brick lined pit to accommodate the burial), and a superstructure (to mark the grave above ground and to provide storage for… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Tombs —    Of the Hebrews were generally excavated in the solid rock, or were natural caves. Mention is made of such tombs in Judg. 8:32; 2 Sam. 2:32; 2 Kings 9:28; 23:30. They were sometimes made in gardens (2 Kings 21:26; 23:16; Matt. 27:60). They are… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • tombs —    As was the case in other ancient civilizations, the peoples of ancient Mesopotamia interred their dead in graves or tombs of varying size and splendor. They also placed grave goods, such as food, clothes, tools, weapons, and musical… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • tombs — Jewish dead were always buried, and skeletons of the 1st cent. CE of crucified victims have been discovered in a cemetery in Jerusalem. If burial took place in a grave, it would be covered with stones after the interment. Larger tombs, or… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Tombs — Recorded in over two hundred spelling forms ranging from the British Tomas and Thomas, the Italian Tommasi and Toma, the German Thom, Thomas, Thoma, Thumm, and Thome, the Slavonic Tomaschek, the Russian Fominov, the Belorussian Tomich and Khomich …   Surnames reference

  • Tombs — old New York City Prison on the Lower East Side, connected to the Criminal Courts Building by a Bridge of Sighs …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • tombs — tuːm n. vault, grave …   English contemporary dictionary

  • TOMBS — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tombs of the Nobles — are a collective term applied to tombs of workers, foremen’s, priests, soldiers, officials, viziers, princes etc. usually located in the area of a major ancient site in Egypt.* Tombs of the Nobles (Luxor) mdash; a number of tomb areas on the West …   Wikipedia

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