The historically attested groups from central Europe, at least as defined by Greek and Roman historians, who penetrated northern and central Italy particularly during the course of the fourth and third centuries BC. In the British literature, there is much controversy over the precise definition of the multiple identities of these communities, generalized under one single identity by ancient authors such as Herodotus. A number of Etruscan products, particularly bronze jugs (Schnabelkannen), were traded north of the Alps during the sixth and fifth centuries BC (late Hallstatt/early La Tene period) into this “Celtic” area of what is now mainly eastern France and western Germany. Examples include Altrier, Armsheim, Bad Durkheim, Basse-Yutz, Berschweiler, Besseringen, Bourges, Courcelle-en-Montagne, Fellbach, Haguenau, Hatten, Hermeskeil, Hillesheim, Hoppstadten, Horhausen, Iffezheim, Karlich 4, Kleinaspergle, Marpingen, Mercy-sur-Saone, Oberwallmenach, Remmesweiller-Urexweiller, Reinheim, Rodenbach, Schwarzenbach I and II, Sessenheim, Siesbach, Soufflenheim, Theley, Thomm, Urmitz, Urmitz-Weissenthurm, Vix, Waldgallscheid, Weiskirchen I, Weiskirchen II, Wiesbaden, Worms-Herrnsheim, and Zerf.

Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. .

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