CORTONA

   This important Archaic settlement is located overlooking the Chiana Valley. Major evidence is visible in the walls, which enclose an area of 62 hectares that must be considerably larger than the size of the inhabited settlement (as indeed of the modern settlement) itself; the inhabited settlement was probably more in the order of 30 hectares. A Final Bronze Age winged axe suggests a Bronze Age presence in the area. Relatively recent finds of a Villanovan period hut in Via Vagnotti have confirmed the presence (previously only known from lost material) of Iron Age occupation in the area, perhaps amounting to a small village rather than a substantial nucleation. Thus, the seventh-century tombs (meloni) at nearby Camucia and Sodo probably predate the nucleation of the city itself. The Camucia tomb appears to have been in continuous use between the seventh century and the fourth century BC.
   Recent excavations (1988 to 1992) at the second of the Sodo tumuli have contributed important new information. First, the use of these tumuli has been confirmed to be concentrated in the sixth and fourth to third centuries BC; in particular, the new excavations found a new chamber used in the later period. Second, a monumental staircase to an altar was found on the east side of the tumulus, and figurative representations show a struggle between a man and a mythical beast. There are also important Hellenistic tombs (from the second century BC), including the so-called Tanella di Pitagora. A cult to the goddess Uni appears to have been influencial. A significant 40-line inscription was found here in 1992.
   See also DODECAPOLIS.

Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cortona —   Comune   Città di Cortona …   Wikipedia

  • Cortona — • Immediately subject to the Holy See Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cortona     Cortona     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cortona — Cortona …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Cortōna [2] — Cortōna, Pietro da C., eigentlich Berettini, geb. 1596 in Cortona, Öl u. Frescomaler, Schüler des Bildhauers Canodi u. des Baccio Carpi; bei gutem Colorit in seinen Gemälden u. vollkommener Kenntniß des Lichtes u. Schattens, fehlte er dennoch… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cortōna — Cortōna, Stadt in der ital. Provinz und dem Kreis Arezzo, 662 m ü. M., am Abhang eines Berges über der Val di Chiana und an der Eisenbahn Florenz Rom, hat kyklopische Mauern, Reste römischer Bäder und eines sogen. Bacchustempels, eine Kathedrale… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cortona [2] — Cortona, Pietro da, eigentlich Berrettini, ital. Maler und Baumeister, geb. 1. Nov. 1596 zu Cortona, gest. zu Rom 16. Mai 1669, veranlaßte die neue Epoche des auf das dekorative Element den Schwerpunkt legenden Barock; Fresken in Rom… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cortona [2] — Cortona , Pietro da, eigentlich Berettini, geb. 1595 zu Cortona, gest. 1669 zu Rom, gewandt in der Composition, mit gutem Colorit, aber einförmig in den Figuren …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • CORTONA — a Miscellocondita, urbs Hetruriae antiquissima, sub Magno Duce in consinio dition. Pontific. et agri Perusini, satis munita, Episcopalis; olim Corton. Liv. l. 9. c. 37. Itaque a Perusia et Cortone, et Aretio, quae ferme capita Heiruriae populorum …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Cortōna [1] — Cortōna, Stadt im Val di Chiana, im toscanischen Bezirk Arezzo; Schloß, Bischof, Seminar, College, Hospiz, Akademie u. Museum von hetrurischen Alterthümern (gestiftet 1736), Wein u. Olivenbau; 5100 Ew.; wohlerhaltene Stadtmauern cyclopischer… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cortona — Cortona, Stadt in der ital. Prov. Arezzo, im Val di Chiana, (1901) 29.343 E.; Akademie (Etrusca) mit Museum etrusk. Altertümer …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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