- The substantial (67 kilometers long) river valley that divides North Etruria from South Etruria and formed an important political frontier during Etruscan times. The valley is traditionally considered to have been dominated by the city of Vulci, but this city was sufficiently distant to allow the development of a number of independent small (Marsiliana d’Albegna, Orbetello, Saturnia, Talamone, Ghiaccio Forte) and dependent large (La Doganella) political settlements at different stages in the sociopolitical sequence. The valley has recently been extensively surveyed as part of a project focused on the classical landscape.
Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. Simon K. F. Stoddart.
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MARSILIANA D’ALBEGNA — A short lived settlement (725 to 550 BC) in the Albegna Valley, known mainly from its tombs. One of its attached settlements was probably located at Uliveto di Banditella where, in spite of poor preservation, terrace walls were found with… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
Cosa — Coordinates: 42°24′39″N 11°17′11″E / 42.410919°N 11.286503°E / 42.410919; 11.286503 … Wikipedia
ORBETELLO — A coastal settlement at the head of a tombolo connecting to Monte Argentario, next to an internal lagoon. The earliest occupation is late Iron Age and the earliest nucleated settlement probably dates to the seventh century BC. From the sixth… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
COASTS — With the greater facility of the modern road network, it is easy to take a landlocked attitude to the Italian peninsula. However, it is important to offer a complementary maritime survey of the peninsula, an approach to the peninsula that is… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
COSA — The Roman colony founded in 273 BC to control the Albegna Valley, the buffer zone between the Vulci to the south and Roselle/ Vetulonia to the north. This was one strand of the Roman political strategy, namely to occupy the middle ground… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
DEMOGRAPHY — Estimates of the total Etruscan population are very difficult to establish since scholars have to identify household size and the number of households in any given city which can only be incompletely excavated. Estimates from tombs have to… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
LA DOGANELLA — An important buffer entrepot settlement in the Albegna Valley dating to between circa 600 and 400 BC, unrecorded in textual accounts. One major interest is the high estimate of the surface area (240 hectares), which makes it larger than the… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
FONTEBLANDA — A planned settlement on the coast in the Albegna Valley founded in about 570 BC with evidence of ironworking and amphorae imports, perhaps as the port of the contemporary city of La Doganella … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
GHIACCIO FORTE — A largely Hellenistic settlement, with possible earlier occupation, that dominated the northern part of the Albegna Valley. The settlement was walled and suddenly destroyed and abandoned in the third century BC. The richest material remains… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
LANDSCAPE SURVEY — This is the archaeological approach to the study of the whole landscape, which moves beyond particularistic studies produced by excavation in cemeteries, settlements, and cities. By studying the whole surface of the landscape, wider spatial… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans