A key, but controversial, mainly Bronze Age, site of about seven hectares in South Etruria with an important stratigraphy. It has been extensively excavated in several areas, such as the Acropolis, Tre Erici, and Monte Fornicchio. The site has been a focus of controversy between Swedish and Italian protohistorians over its chronology and has provided possible evidence of social ranking in a Late Bronze Age settlement. The Acropolis is also famous for discovery of five Mycenaean sherds (Myc III A,2–Myc. III C), of which the most ancient is most clearly an Aegean import. The excavations at Monte Fornicchio uncovered a similar range of ceramic finds, but less well-preserved stratigraphy. The site was reoccupied in the Archaic period as an Etruscan settlement.

Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. .

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  • TRADE —    Exchange was already flourishing in the Neolithic and Bronze Age of central Italy. By the later phases of the Bronze Age, the exchange of finished bronze products had become a key element of the intensifying economy. In terms of external trade …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • Swedish Institute at Rome — The Swedish Institute at Rome is a research institution that serves as the base for archaeological excavations and other scientific research in Italy. It also pursues academic instruction in archaeology and art sciences as well as arranging… …   Wikipedia

  • AGRICULTURE —    Great advances have been made in the systematic study of Etruscan agriculture now that direct methods of analysis have substantially augmented the indirect interpretation of texts and art historical records. Mediterranean polyculture (wheat,… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • ARCHAIC —    The period of full urbanization and/or state formation and the height of power of the Etruscans between approximately 580 and 400 BC. Artistically, the term archaic period acknowledges a parallelism to the Greek world and implies a process of… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • RECENT BRONZE AGE —    The phase (Bronzo Recente) of the Late Bronze Age (tarda eta del bronzo) that dates to between 1350 and 1200. Etruria lacks the regular continuity of settlement occupation from the Recent Bronze Age onward that is found more frequently among… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • SVENSKA INSTITUTET I ROM (THE SWEDISH INSTITUTE OF CLASSICAL STUDIES IN ROME) —    The Swedish research institute in Rome founded in 1925 that excavated some key Etruscan and earlier settlements in South Etruria including Acquarossa, San Giovenale, and Luni sul Mignone.    See also BOETHIUS, Axel …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

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