In In spite of the relative prominence of Etruscan women, the male gender does nevertheless appear to have been dominant in terms of power relations, generally set within the public sphere. This can be measured in terms of iconography and frequency of inscriptions. The characteristic male style is a greater frequency of nakedness (as opposed to the adorned female) and often a muscled frame. A further association is with athletics, with extensions to horse riding, boxing, and wrestling, generally all practiced when naked and depicted on mirrors and in tomb paintings. Another association of men is with warfare, where armor replaces the surface decoration of women.

Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. .

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