PIAN MIANO/MONTE CASOLI
- An important Archaic site north of Bomarzo made up of two component parts. The area of Piano Miano comprises a vast tuff plateau of about 45 hectares (180 meters above sea level), naturally fortified on three sides and placed at the confluence of the Vezza River with the middle Tiber River. The most intensively occupied central area was probably about 10 hectares. The area of Monte Casoli is a 500-meter-long tuff plateau (166 meters above sea level) located to the west, probably enclosing a defended area of some five hectares. The two sites acted together to form a strategically placed commercial and military settlement (Piano Miano) and a small defended site (Monte Casoli) covering the larger site’s flank. Both areas appear to have been occupied from the recent or middle Orientalizing period, with more intensive occupation from the sixth century BC and continuity of occupation into the Hellenistic period. The occupation of the area appears to have been relatively unaffected by the Roman conquest.The whole area has been the subject of intense research since the 1800s, leading to a distribution of material to locations such as the British Museum as well as to the Vatican and the Villa Giulia. These cemetery finds include Attic black and red figure pottery, parade armor, decorated bronze sheets, and the sarcophagus of Vel Urinates from a painted tomb.
Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. Simon K. F. Stoddart.
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MONTE CASOLI — See PIAN MIANO/MONTE CASOLI … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
ARCHAIC — The period of full urbanization and/or state formation and the height of power of the Etruscans between approximately 580 and 400 BC. Artistically, the term archaic period acknowledges a parallelism to the Greek world and implies a process of… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
HELLENISTIC — The final period of the Etruscans, dating from 400 BC until the takeover by the Romans. In artistic terms, this was a phase of naturalism under Greek influence. In terms of settlement organization, this was a phase of expansion of rural… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
TIBER RIVER (TEVERE) — The major, 405 kilometer long river that rises on Monte Fumaiolo in the northern part of the central Apennines and runs through central Italy, draining a catchment of some 17,169 square kilometers, providing the southern and eastern border to… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
TUFF — The technical term for the consolidated ash deposits of volcanic origin that make up much of the landscape of South Etruria. The Italian terms tufo or tufa are sometimes employed colloquially in English, but can be confused with the technical… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
ORIENTALIZING — The term traditionally applied to a distribution of orientally inspired material culture and to the chronological phase in which this distribution occurred (broadly, the eighth and seventh centuries BC). By extension, the term applies to a… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans