POGGIO DI SERMUGNANO
- A small, three-hectare site near Orvieto (341 meters above sea level) on a naturally defended tuff spur that was frequented in a number of phases of the Early and Recent Bronze Ages and clearly occupied in the Final Bronze Age and the full range of the Iron Age (Villanovan, Orientalizing, and Archaic periods). The site was particularly prosperous in the sixth century BC, when a well-defined cemetery with painted tomb walls and Etrusco-Corinthian pottery was created.
Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. Simon K. F. Stoddart.
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FINAL BRONZE AGE — The final phase of the Bronze Age dating between approximately 1175 and 925 BC (using latest adjustments from dendrochronology), also known as the Protovillanovan in central Italy. Settlements were of village dimensions, ranging from one to 15 … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
ARCHAIC — The period of full urbanization and/or state formation and the height of power of the Etruscans between approximately 580 and 400 BC. Artistically, the term archaic period acknowledges a parallelism to the Greek world and implies a process of… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
ORIENTALIZING — The term traditionally applied to a distribution of orientally inspired material culture and to the chronological phase in which this distribution occurred (broadly, the eighth and seventh centuries BC). By extension, the term applies to a… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
MONTE PIOMBONE — An Archaic site of about four hectares on a tuff hill (278 meters above sea level), 2.5 kilometers to the east of Acquarossa, near the Vezza River, a tributary of the middle Tiber River. The site appears to have been occupied from the Middle… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
TUFF — The technical term for the consolidated ash deposits of volcanic origin that make up much of the landscape of South Etruria. The Italian terms tufo or tufa are sometimes employed colloquially in English, but can be confused with the technical… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
VILLA NOVAN — The early Iron Age of Etruria, dating from approximately 950 to 750 BC (using adjustments of dendrochronology to traditional dates). The phase is principally characterized by cremation burial, the use of impasto pottery, particularly the… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans