- A recently discovered, short-lived sixth-century to fifth-century BC planned settlement in the Arno Valley to the west of Florence. This settlement includes a planned structure that covers at least 1,270 square meters. There was preceding occupation of the area from the early to the Final Bronze Age, but no continuous occupation. Given the limited excavations so far, it is difficult to characterize the nature of this settlement, but it seems to fit within the character of smaller-scale nucleated settlements in the middle Arno Valley.
Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. Simon K. F. Stoddart.
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ARNO RIVER — The river which forms the northern boundary of Etruria and whose catchment contains a number of smaller Etruscan settlements such as Artimino, Fiesole, and Arezzo, as well as the port of Pisa at its delta. The Arno rises in the Apennines on… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
CITIES — The cities of Etruria formed highly centralized aggregations of population, particularly in the south. The five southern cities of Veii, Caere, Tarquinia, Vulci, and Orvieto had surface areas in the range of 80 to 190 hectares and dominated… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
FINAL BRONZE AGE — The final phase of the Bronze Age dating between approximately 1175 and 925 BC (using latest adjustments from dendrochronology), also known as the Protovillanovan in central Italy. Settlements were of village dimensions, ranging from one to 15 … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans