Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. .

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  • ETRUSCAN RELIGION —    The study of Etruscan religion rests on two sources, the archaeological evidence of practice and literary sources (largely Roman) relating to the ideals of the disciplina etrusca and the expertise of the augurs (netsvis or haruspex). From the… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • ETRUSCAN WRITING —    Etruscan writing employed a Greek alphabetic script with some small phonemic modifications to accommodate the Etruscan language. The majority of the texts are formulaic and closely linked to forms of ritual practice. Major inscriptions include …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • ETRUSCAN IDENTITY —    Etruscan identity appears to have multiple foci at different scales (the individual, the descent group, the community, and the “nation”) that could vary between contexts and permitted some considerable fluidity. The individual can be best… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • Etruscan language — Infobox Language name=Etruscan nativename=mechl Rasnal familycolor=Isolate states=Ancient Etruria region=Italian Peninsula extinct=1st century AD family=Tyrrhenian iso2=und|iso3=ettThe Etruscan language was spoken and written by the Etruscan… …   Wikipedia

  • ETRUSCAN MUSIC —    The data for Etruscan music are both artistic and from some surviving instruments. The evidence of painted tombs from Tarquinia and carved reliefs from Chiusi provides considerable support for the importance of music among the Etruscans.… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • ETRUSCAN PAINTING —    The two best sources of Etruscan painting are on pottery and on the walls of tombs. The stylistic influence on the pottery is reflected in their nomenclature and their chronology: Etrusco geometric, Etrusco Corinthian, Etruscan black figure,… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • ETRUSCAN LITERATURE —    The absence of preserved Etruscan literature makes the study of the Etruscans a preeminently archaeological exercise. However, it is almost certain that such texts existed at least in later periods, particularly to mark the achievements of… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • ETRUSCAN VOCABULARY (LESSICO ETRUSCO) —    The sources of the Etruscan language are limited principally to ritual contexts, but nevertheless now amount to some 8,000 words, which are dominated by personal names, followed by terms of family relationship and status. Some forms of verb… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • ETRUSCAN ATHLETICS —    These activities, associated with men and undertaken when naked, are depicted on mirrors and in wall paintings of tombs from about the sixth century BC onward (although it is important to understand that this does not represent the beginning… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • ETRUSCAN BRONZEWORK —    The Etruscans used bronze for the manufacture of a wide range of prestigious items particularly associated with ritual, feasting, and warfare, including bronze figurines, Schnabelkannen, other jugs, basins, candelabra, kottabos paraphernalia,… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

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