An Etruscan descent group that recurs in historical sources and on inscriptions. The most notable archaeological records of the name are in a sixth-century BC dedication to Minerva at Veii (Avile Vipiennas), and in the Francois tomb of Vulci where Av(i)le Vipina and Caile Vipina are recorded as engaged in duels with Romans. The descent group is also mentioned by a number of ancient writers such as Varro. Other mentions of the descent group are all concentrated at Tarquinia in the third and second centuries BC.

Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans. .

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  • AVILE VIBENNAS (VIPENA) —    The name of an individual from a significant Etruscan family of Vulci.    See also MYTHOLOGY; VIPENA …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • DESCENT GROUP —    The important constituent part of Etruscan social structure, which represented the family through time and was extensively celebrated in ancestral cults. Studies of burial groups may give an indication of the precise formation of the descent… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • MASTARNA (MACSTARNA) —    The Etruscan name for the Roman Servius Tullius. There are variations in tradition, but the Etruscan account suggests that he associated with the Vipena descent group until driven from Etruria to Rome. The traditional dates of his kingship of… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • MYTHOLOGY —    Artistic representation, often with identifying inscriptions, is the richest source of mythology, making this a detailed source of understanding of religion. Painted pottery, incised bronze mirrors, cinerary urns, and painted tombs contain… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

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